SCHOLA MEDICA SALERNITANA
The foundations and the importance of school.
The “School” was based on the union between the Greek-Latin tradition and the notions acquired thanks to the Arab and Jewish cultures. It represents a fundamental moment in the history of medicine for the innovations it introduces in the method and setting of prophylaxis. The approach was fundamentally based on practice and the resulting experience, thus paving the way for the empirical method and the culture of prevention.
Of particular importance, from a cultural point of view, is also the role played by women in the practice and teaching of medicine, especially in the Trocta, a famous midwife and midwife in the 11th century School. The women who taught and worked in the school became famous under the name of Mulieres Salernitanae.
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